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City forest „Köpenick“ with „Müggelberge” at the „Müggelsee”
Berlin’s largest wooded area is in the capital’s south-east at the „Müggelberge“ (Müggel hills) and the „Müggelsee“ (Müggel lake). The “Müggelberge” were developed during the Ice Age and are Berlin’s highest natural elevations. The “Großer Müggelberg” has a height of 114,7 m. The accessible „Müggelturm“ (Müggel tower) is located on the small „Müggelberg”. This area with a size of 7 square kilometers is enhanced by very long forest tracks and is an inviting area to relax in. The “Köpenicker Teufelssee” (devil’s lake) is located in the north and the waterside of the “Großer Müggelsee” is less than 1 km away. The slopes of the “Müggelberge” at the waterside of the “Langer See” (long lake) end in the south.
The “Kanonenberge” (cannon hills) are a north-western branch of the “Müggelberge”. Around the turn of the century they were designed in a park-like way. From 1884 onward, sand was removed and brought to the “Dahme” by a cablecar. From there it was shipped to Berlin as a building material. The removal was soon stopped due to public protests. Later the Prussian army used the 250m long and almost 80m wide sandbox for target practice with new cannons. Ever since, this region of the “Müggelberge” is called “Kanonenberge” (cannon hills). The meanwhile renatured viewing platform (200 m²) in the “Kanonenberge” with hiking trails and benches was uncovered again in 2006. The hiking trails were made accessible and new benches were created. Trees were chopped down in order to give a better view to the “Müggelberge”. The “Teufelssee” (devil’s lake) is a glacial lake with a size of 1,5 ha which emerged from a melting ice block when the period of ground frost was over. Today the lake is up to 2m deep with a bed of about 17m to the lake’s bottom made of sand, gravel, alluvium and plant left overs. The lake is surrounded by a natural trail. One can reach the small “Müggelberg” by using the stairway at the lake’s right side. The “Müggelturm” is located at a height of 88m and offers a fantastic view.
Today mountain bikers use the upper part of the former toboggan run. A road leads from the end of the toboggan run along marshes to the “Lehrkabinett”, where visitors can gain information about the forest and its inhabitants without reservation.
The Müggelsee’s waterside, where guests can visit the restaurant „Rübezahl“and the hotel “Müggelsee” are only a few hundred metres away.